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About ACL Reconstruction

About ACL Reconstruction

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury. The torn ligament can either be removed from the knee, or preserved before reconstruction an arthroscopic procedure.

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury. The torn ligament can either be removed from the knee, or preserved before reconstruction an arthroscopic procedure.


ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) reconstruction is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a torn or damaged ACL in the knee with a graft. This procedure aims to restore stability, and function, and prevent further damage to the knee joint.

Why Would Someone Need to Have ACL Reconstruction?

ACL reconstruction is necessary when the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee is torn or significantly damaged, often due to sports injuries, trauma, or accidents. This surgery becomes essential to restore knee stability, prevent further damage, and enable individuals to resume normal activities, particularly those involving physical exertion and sports.

Conditions that can require ACL Reconstruction

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

  • ACL Rupture

  • ACL Injury

  • Knee Instability due to ACL Damage

  • Sports-Related Knee Injury

  • Traumatic Knee Injury

  • Chronic ACL Sprain

  • ACL Insufficiency

  • Knee Dislocation with ACL Damage

  • Recurrent Knee Buckling due to ACL Issues

Requirements & Evaluation for ACL Reconstruction

Evaluation for ACL reconstruction involves a thorough assessment of the knee's stability, function, and the extent of ACL damage. Requirements include confirming the diagnosis through clinical examination and imaging studies like MRI. The patient's overall health, activity level, and commitment to rehabilitation are considered. Surgical planning aims to address specific issues, and the choice of graft material (autograft or allograft) is determined based on individual factors and patient preferences.

Different Types of ACL Reconstruction

  • Autografts: Autografts involve using the patient's own tissue for ACL reconstruction. Common autograft sources include the patellar tendon, hamstring tendon, or quadriceps tendon. The chosen graft is harvested from the patient's own body, minimizing the risk of graft rejection.

  • Allografts: Allografts utilize tissue from a cadaveric donor. This approach avoids additional surgical sites but carries a slightly higher risk of graft rejection. Allografts are often considered for patients with specific preferences or limitations regarding autografts.

  • Patellar Tendon Graft: This involves harvesting a portion of the patellar tendon along with its bony attachments for reconstruction. It provides robust graft material but may lead to anterior knee pain in some cases.

  • Hamstring Tendon Graft: Harvesting two or more tendons from the hamstring muscle group for reconstruction. This approach preserves the patellar tendon but may result in slightly increased laxity compared to the patellar tendon graft.

  • Quadriceps Tendon Graft: Using the central portion of the quadriceps tendon for graft material. This option combines bone and soft tissue and is less commonly utilized than patellar or hamstring tendons.

  • Double-Bundle Reconstruction: Mimicking the anatomy of the ACL more closely, this technique involves reconstructing both the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the ligament. It aims to provide more physiological joint stability.

  • Single-Bundle Reconstruction: The more traditional approach involves reconstructing a single bundle of the ACL. It is a simpler procedure but may be sufficient for many patients, especially those with less active lifestyles.

  • Anatomical Reconstruction: This approach focuses on replicating the natural anatomy of the ACL. Surgeons aim to position the graft in a way that closely resembles the original ligament's orientation, contributing to improved function and stability.

  • Non-Anatomical Reconstruction: In cases where the anatomy cannot be precisely replicated, a non-anatomical approach may be employed. The graft is positioned in a way that provides stability without necessarily mimicking the original ligament's structure.

  • Reconstruction with Augmentation: This involves combining ACL reconstruction with additional procedures or graft augmentation techniques to enhance the overall stability of the knee joint, particularly in cases with associated ligament injuries or complex instability.

Procedure for ACL Reconstruction

Before the Procedure

Before ACL reconstruction, thorough evaluation includes clinical examination, imaging studies (MRI), and a review of the patient's medical history. Preoperative discussions cover the choice of graft (autograft or allograft), anesthesia options, and expectations. Prehabilitation exercises may be recommended to optimize muscle strength and joint mobility.

After the Procedure

Immediate postoperative care involves monitoring in a recovery area. Pain management is initiated, and the patient is given instructions for knee immobilization and weight-bearing restrictions. Physical therapy commences early to restore range of motion and strengthen surrounding muscles.


Potential risks include infection, bleeding, blood clot formation, graft failure, and nerve or blood vessel injury. Additionally, there is a risk of stiffness, weakness, or persistent pain in the knee. Risks may vary based on the chosen graft type and surgical technique.


Benefits of ACL reconstruction include restored knee stability, reduced pain, and the potential to resume normal activities, especially sports. The surgery aims to prevent further joint damage and instability, contributing to long-term joint health and function.


Recovery involves a progressive return to activities. The initial weeks focus on protecting the graft, and physical therapy aims to regain strength and flexibility. Gradual resumption of normal activities, including sports, occurs over several months. Regular follow-up appointments monitor progress, and adherence to rehabilitation protocols is crucial for optimal outcomes.

4 Whys

Why ACL Reconstruction?

    Ease pain
    Better life quality
    Painless mobility

Why Overseas?

    More options
    Advanced technology

Why Advance Treatment?

    Minimally invasive
    No pain
    Quick recovery

Why Yapita Health?

    Robotic knee surgery
    Experienced orthopedic surgeons
    Patient Success stories

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Treatment Related Information


ACL Reconstruction Surgical Procedure:

  • Objective: ACL Reconstruction is a surgical procedure aimed at restoring stability to the knee by repairing or replacing the torn anterior cruciate ligament.

  • Arthroscopic Approach: The surgery is often performed arthroscopically, involving small incisions and the use of a camera to visualize and treat the knee joint.


ACL Reconstruction Postoperative Rehabilitation:

  • Crucial Component: Physical therapy and rehabilitation play a crucial role in the recovery process.

  • Restoration of Function: The goal is to restore strength, flexibility, and functionality to the knee.


ACL Reconstruction Recovery Time:

  • Varies: The recovery time varies but typically ranges from 6 to 12 months before individuals can return to sports or high-impact activities.

  • Gradual Return: Athletes often undergo a gradual return-to-sport protocol under the guidance of a physical therapist.


Risks and Complications in ACL Reconstruction:

  • Infection: Infection is a potential risk, though it is rare.

  • Graft Failure: There is a slight risk of graft failure or retearment, particularly if rehabilitation guidelines are not followed.

  • Blood Clot Formation: Preventive measures are taken to minimize the risk of blood clot formation.

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ACL Reconstruction At Yapita Health

At Yapita Health, we have a team of world-class Orthopedic surgeons who have years of experience in performing acl reconstruction surgeries. Our doctors are thorough with the latest tools and techniques and are pioneering acl reconstruction surgeries globally. Every year, thousands of patients prefer to visit Yapita Health for knee replacement surgeries relative to its success and affordability. We have delivered surgeries with the highest success rates worldwide and continue to expand our healthcare services in 20+ countries. If you have any concerns, feel free to reach out.

FAQs Related to ACL Reconstruction

When is ACL Reconstruction Recommended?

ACL Reconstruction is recommended for individuals with a completely torn ACL, especially those experiencing instability, recurrent knee giving way, and athletes who want to return to sports.

What Types of Grafts are Used in ACL Reconstruction?

Graft options include autografts (tissue from the patient's body, such as patellar tendon or hamstring tendon) and allografts (tissue from a donor).

Is ACL Reconstruction a Minimally Invasive Procedure?

While small incisions are made, ACL Reconstruction is not entirely minimally invasive. It involves arthroscopy for visualization and graft placement, requiring precision and skill.

How Long is the Recovery Period After ACL Reconstruction?

Recovery varies, but athletes may return to sports after 6-12 months. Physical therapy is crucial for strengthening and regaining knee function.

What are the Risks of ACL Reconstruction?

Risks include infection, bleeding, nerve or blood vessel damage, and graft failure. Adherence to postoperative rehabilitation and precautions minimizes risks.

Can ACL Tears Heal Without Surgery?

Some partial ACL tears may heal with conservative measures, but complete tears often require surgical intervention, especially for individuals with an active lifestyle.

Can ACL Reconstruction Be Delayed?

In some cases, ACL Reconstruction can be delayed, but this decision is influenced by factors such as the patient's age, activity level, and the extent of associated injuries.

Can ACL Reconstruction Fail?

While ACL Reconstruction is generally successful, failure can occur due to factors like reinjury, improper rehabilitation, or graft issues. Revision surgery may be necessary in such cases.

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