ICL surgery, short for Implantable Contact Lens surgery, is an advanced eye surgery that has been gaining popularity in recent years. This procedure involves implanting a lens into the eye to improve vision for patients suffering from nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. In this article, we will delve into the details of ICL surgery and explore why it may be a viable option for those who need vision correction.
What is an ICL Surgery?
ICL surgery is a type of refractive surgery that involves implanting a tiny artificial lens known as a phakic intraocular lens (IOL) into the eye. The IOL is inserted into the space between the iris and the natural crystalline lens of the eye, where it corrects refractive errors that affect vision.
Why Would Someone Need to Have an ICL Surgery?
ICL surgery is a popular choice for people who suffer from significant refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, which cannot be corrected through traditional methods such as glasses or contact lenses. People who are not candidates for LASIK surgery may also consider ICL surgery as an option.
What Conditions Can ICL Surgery Treat?
ICL surgery can treat a wide range of refractive errors, including:
Myopia (nearsightedness), which is the inability to see objects far away clearly
Hyperopia (farsightedness), which is the inability to see objects up close clearly
Astigmatism, which is an uneven curvature of the cornea that causes blurred or distorted vision
Requirements & Evaluation for ICL Surgery?
Before undergoing ICL surgery, a thorough evaluation of the patient's medical history, eye health, and vision needs is required. The evaluation may include measurements of the cornea and the size of the eye, as well as other comprehensive eye tests to determine the quality of vision. It is important for patients to be in good overall health to ensure optimal outcomes.
Different Types of ICL Surgery
There are two types of ICL surgery:
1. Visian ICL: The Visian ICL is a common type of ICL that is made of a soft, foldable material and is inserted through a small incision in the cornea.
2. Verisyse IOL: The Verisyse IOL, on the other hand, is a rigid lens that is permanently implanted into the front of the eye.
Procedure for ICL Surgery
Before the Procedure
Patients will be required to undergo a comprehensive eye exam to determine their vision needs and to ensure that they are good candidates for the procedure. The surgeon will also review the patient's medical history to ensure that there are no underlying health conditions that could interfere with the success of the surgery.
After the Procedure
Patients will be prescribed medication to manage pain and minimize the risk of infection. It is imperative to avoid rubbing or touching the eye, and to follow the surgeon's instructions regarding post-operative care.
What Kind of Follow-up Care Will Patients Have During Recovery?
During the recovery period, follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor the patient's progress and ensure that their eyes are healing properly. Patients will be advised to avoid strenuous activities for several weeks and to avoid swimming until specifically cleared by their surgeon.
Risk & Benefits
As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and benefits associated with ICL surgery. The benefits of the procedure include improved vision, the ability to adjust the lens as needed, and long-lasting effects. The risks include infection, inflammation, and glaucoma, among others.
The typical recovery time after ICL surgery is relatively quick, with most patients able to return to normal daily activities within a week or two. However, it is important to follow the surgeon's post-operative instructions carefully to ensure a smooth and quick recovery.