Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery in Chennai offers individuals with severe hip conditions a reliable and effective solution to alleviate pain, improve functionality, and regain their quality of life. Chennai, known for its world-class healthcare facilities and renowned surgeons, has become a popular destination for medical tourism.
Pediatric hip dysplasia surgery involves corrective procedures to address hip joint abnormalities in children. Surgical interventions aim to realign the hip joint and promote normal development, reducing the risk of long-term complications and ensuring optimal hip function.
Why Would Someone Need to Have Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery?
Pediatric hip dysplasia surgery becomes necessary when a child exhibits hip joint abnormalities, often characterized by improper development. If left untreated, hip dysplasia can lead to long-term issues such as pain, limited mobility, and arthritis. Surgery aims to realign the hip joint, allowing for proper growth and function, and preventing potential complications associated with untreated hip dysplasia in the child's later years.
Conditions that can require Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)
Congenital hip dislocation
Hip instability in children
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (in some cases)
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) leading to hip dysplasia
Requirements & Evaluation for Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery
Evaluation for pediatric hip dysplasia surgery involves thorough clinical and imaging assessments. Requirements include confirming the diagnosis through physical examination, hip ultrasound, and possibly X-rays. The child's age, severity of dysplasia, and hip joint stability are considered. The surgical intervention aims to realign the hip joint, and the decision is based on factors like the child's age, degree of dysplasia, and the potential for successful correction through surgical means.
Different Types of Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery
Several types of surgeries can be performed for pediatric hip dysplasia, depending on the severity and specific conditions. Common procedures include:
Surgical repositioning of the hip joint, often combined with pelvic bone restructuring.
Non-invasive manipulation to reposition the hip joint without surgical incisions.
Surgical modification of the pelvic bone to improve hip joint stability.
Pelvic bone surgery to enhance coverage of the femoral head.
Pelvic osteotomy to improve hip joint coverage and stability.
The choice of surgery depends on factors like the child's age, the severity of dysplasia, and the specific nature of the hip joint abnormalities.
Procedure for Pediatric Hip Dysplasia Surgery
Before the Procedure:
Thorough clinical examination, imaging studies (ultrasound, X-rays), and possibly MRI.
Assessing the child's overall health and suitability for surgery.
Explanation of the procedure, potential risks, benefits, and postoperative care.
After the Procedure:
Monitoring in the recovery room.
Duration varies based on the procedure and the child's response.
Medications for pain control.
Initiating gentle exercises to promote hip joint mobility.
Periodic X-rays to monitor the hip's alignment.
Risk of postoperative infections.
Potential for bleeding managed during surgery.
Rare but possible, especially in complex surgeries.
Despite surgical efforts, complete correction may not always be possible.
Correction of dysplasia for better joint stability.
Reducing the risk of arthritis and other complications.
Facilitating normal hip joint development.
Restricted weight-bearing and use of assistive devices.
Progressive exercises to restore strength and flexibility.
Incremental resumption of normal activities.
Regular monitoring of hip joint alignment and overall recovery.