Total Hip Replacement Surgery at Yapita Health in Mumbai is a comprehensive solution for individuals suffering from severe hip conditions. Mumbai, the financial capital of India, Yapita Health - a leading healthcare provider known for its world-class facilities and experienced medical team. The procedure involves replacing the damaged hip joint with an artificial implant, designed to restore mobility and alleviate pain.
Why Would Someone Need to Have Total Hip Replacement?
Total hip replacement may be necessary for individuals experiencing chronic hip pain, stiffness, reduced function, and limited mobility due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures, avascular necrosis, hip dysplasia, or bone tumors.
Conditions that can require Total Hip Replacement
Requirements & Evaluation for Total Hip Replacement
To determine if an individual is a candidate for total hip replacement, a thorough evaluation is conducted. This may include reviewing the patient's medical history, physical examinations, imaging tests (such as X-rays and MRI), blood tests, and discussions about the patient's symptoms and overall health.
Different Types of Total Hip Replacement
There are different types of total hip replacement techniques and prostheses available. The choice of technique and prosthesis depends on individual patient factors and the surgeon's recommendation.
- Traditional Total Hip Replacement: This procedure involves removing the damaged bone and cartilage from the hip joint and replacing them with prosthetic components. It is the most common approach to hip replacement.
- Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement: This technique uses smaller incisions compared to the traditional approach, resulting in potentially less muscle and tissue damage and a faster recovery.
- Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement: In this approach, the surgeon makes an incision in the front of the hip, allowing them to access the hip joint without detaching important muscles. This method may lead to quicker recovery and reduced pain.
- Posterior Approach Total Hip Replacement: This approach involves making an incision on the back or side of the hip. It provides good visibility of the joint and allows for the use of various hip implant types.
- Robotic-Assisted Total Hip Replacement: Robotic technology assists the surgeon in precise preoperative planning and accurate implant placement, potentially leading to improved outcomes.
Procedure for Hip Replacement
During a total hip replacement surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage in the hip joint are removed. The prosthesis is then implanted to replace the hip joint. The surgery can be performed using various surgical approaches, such as posterior, anterior, or lateral.
Before the Procedure
Prior to the surgery, patients may undergo pre-operative assessments, medical preparations, and discussions about anesthesia options. The medical team will provide specific instructions on eating, drinking, medications, and any necessary lifestyle modifications.
After the Procedure
After the surgery, patients are monitored in the recovery area and then transferred to a hospital room. Physical therapy and rehabilitation typically begin shortly after surgery to promote healing and restore mobility. Pain management, wound care, and medication are part of the post-operative care plan.
Follow-up Care During Recovery
During the recovery period, patients will have frequent follow-up appointments with the medical team to monitor their progress, evaluate healing, adjust medications, assess physical therapy needs, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.
Risk & Benefits
While total hip replacement is generally considered safe and effective, like any surgery, it carries risks such as infection, blood clots, implant loosening, nerve or blood vessel damage, and anesthesia-related risks. The benefits include pain relief, improved mobility, and a better quality of life.
The time required to return to normal life after total hip replacement varies for each individual. Typically, it takes several weeks to months to fully recover and resume normal activities. Rehabilitation and physical therapy play a significant role in regaining strength, mobility, and function during the recovery period.