Why would someone need to have an Amputation-above knee surgery?
Common indications of Amputation- Above Knee Surgery include:
Trauma: Severe injuries, such as compound fractures with extensive damage to the tissues and blood vessels, may require amputation above the knee.
Infection: When infections in the knee joint or surrounding tissues are severe and unresponsive to treatment, amputation above the knee may be necessary.
Tumor: The presence of malignant tumors in the knee region, such as bone sarcomas, might necessitate above-the-knee amputation.
Vascular compromise: In cases where there is significant vascular disease or compromised blood flow to the lower limb, amputation above the knee may be considered.
What conditions can an Amputation- Above Knee Surgery treat?
Above-knee amputation surgery can treat various conditions including:
Additionally, in cases where there is significant vascular disease or compromised blood flow to the lower limb, amputation above the knee may be considered.
Different Types of Amputation- Above Knee Surgery
Different types of amputation procedures can be performed above the knee. Here are a few common types:
Transfemoral Amputation: This is the most common type of above-knee amputation. It involves the removal of the leg above the knee joint, usually at the mid-thigh level.
Knee Disarticulation: In this procedure, the amputation is done through the knee joint, preserving the femur (thighbone). This allows for better functional outcomes and the potential use of a knee joint prosthesis.
Hemi-Pelvectomy: This is a more extensive amputation that involves the removal of the leg, half of the pelvis, and sometimes a portion of the other leg. It is typically done for cases of extensive tumors or trauma.
Hip Disarticulation: This procedure involves the removal of the entire lower limb, including the hip joint. It is typically reserved for cases where amputation at a higher level is necessary, such as for tumors or infections that have extended into the hip joint.
Requirements & Evaluation: Amputation- Above Knee surgery
The following are essential requirements and evaluations while preparing for Amputation-above- Knee surgery:
Medical Condition: The underlying medical condition or injury that necessitates the amputation is assessed. This includes evaluating the severity, extent, and prognosis of the condition.
Failed Conservative Treatment: Before considering amputation, other treatment options such as medication, physical therapy, or surgery to salvage the limb are explored. The decision for amputation is typically made when these treatments have failed or are unlikely to provide a satisfactory outcome.
Functional Status: The patient's overall functional status and quality of life are considered. Factors such as mobility with assistive devices, ability to perform activities of daily living, and potential for rehabilitation are evaluated.
Vascular Assessment: The blood supply to the affected limb is assessed to determine the adequacy of perfusion and the potential for successful healing following amputation.
Amputation- Above Knee Surgery Procedure
Before the procedure
Before an above-knee amputation (AKA) surgery, a comprehensive evaluation is conducted to assess the patient's medical condition, failed conservative treatments, functional status, vascular assessment, psychological well-being, rehabilitation potential, and comorbidities. Once it is determined that AKA is necessary, the patient undergoes the surgical procedure. This involves making an incision above the knee, removing the femur bone, shaping and suturing the remaining soft tissues, achieving hemostasis, and closing the wound.
After the procedure
After surgery, the patient receives postoperative care, including pain management, wound care, and physical therapy. Ultimately, the goal is to facilitate healing, regain mobility, and improve functionality with the use of a prosthetic limb through rehabilitation and prosthetic fitting.
What type of follow-up care will I have during recovery?
Take medications on time and take regular follow-ups. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and obey instructions given by the doctor. In case of any discomfort, contact your healthcare provider immediately.
Risk & Benefits
Certainly! Above-knee amputation (AKA) surgery carries both risks and benefits.
Risks associated with above-knee amputation surgery include potential complications such as infection, bleeding, poor wound healing, blood clots, nerve injury, and phantom limb pain. Additionally, there is a risk of anesthesia-related complications and potential adverse reactions to medications used during the procedure.
On the other hand, the benefits of above-knee amputation surgery can include pain relief, improved mobility and functionality with the use of a prosthetic limb, and improved quality of life in cases where non-surgical treatment options have failed.
The recovery time after an above-knee amputation (AKA) surgery can vary depending on various factors, including the individual's overall health, age, and the specific circumstances leading to the surgery. While there is no fixed timeline for recovery, it generally takes several weeks to several months for individuals to regain mobility and adapt to their new prosthetic limb.